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Home The River Basin People and the River Governance Resource Management
The Limpopo River Basin
Climate and Weather
Water Quality
Ecology and Biodiversity
 Aquatic Ecology
 Building Blocks
 Aquatic Habitats
 Life in Aquatic Ecosystems
 Food Chains and Webs
 Biomass and Production
 Classification of Organisms
Fish Species of the Limpopo
 Factors Affecting Ecosystems
 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Sub-basin Summaries



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Fish Species of the Limpopo  

The following table is a summary of the common species of fish found in the Limpopo River basin.

Common Name Species Present in
main stem Limpopo
Introduced Species
Loach Catfishes (Family Amphiliidae)
Stargazer mountain catfish Amphilius uranoscopus    
Natal mountain catfish A. natalensis    
Freshwater Eels (Family Anguillidae)
Longfin eel Anguilla mossambica
Shortfin eel A. bicolor bicolor
Madagascar mottled eel A. marmorata
Africa mottled eel A. bengalensis labiata
Egg-laying Toothcarps (Family Aplocheilidae)
Turquoise killifish Nothobranchius furzeri    
Spotted killifish N. orthonotus    
Rainbow killifish N. rachovii    
Catfish (Family Austroglanididae)
Rock catfish Austroglanis sclateri  
Sunfishes (Family Centrarchidae)
Bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus  
Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides  
Smallmouth bass M. dolomieu  
Characins (Family Characidae)
Imberi Brycinus imberi
Silver robber Micralestes acutidens
Tigerfish Hydrocynus vittatus
Cichlids (Family Cichlidae)
Southern mouthbrooder Pseudocrenilabrus philander
Canary kurper Chetia flaviventris    
Orange-fringed largemouth C. brevis    
Lowveld largemouth Serranochromis meridianus    
Nemwe S. robustus jallae
Brownspot largemouth S. thumbergi  
Banded tilapia Tilapia sparrmanii
Redbreast tilapia T. rendalli
Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus
Greenhead tilapia O. macrochir
Nile tilapia O. niloticus
Zambezi happy Pharyngochromis acuticeps
Labyrinth Catfishes (Family Clariidae)
Sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus
Blunttooth catfish C. ngamensis
Snake catfish C. theodorae    
Carps and Minnows (Family Cyprinidae)
Hamilton's barb Barbus afronamiltoni
Smallmouth yellowfish Barbus aeneus  
Broadstriped barb B. annectens
Chubbyhead barb B. anoplus
Hyphen barb B. bifrenatus    
Shortfin barb B. brevipinnis    
Orangefin barb B. euteania    
Line-spotted barb B. lineomaculatus
Largescale yellowfish B. marequensis
Papermouth B. mattozi
Marico barb B. motebensis    
Sidespot barb B. neefi    
Goldie barb B. pallidus    
Straightfin barb B. paludinosus    
Smallscale yellowfish B. polylepis    
Beira barb B. radiatus
East coast barb B. toppini
Treur River barb B. treurensis    
Threespot barb B. trimaculatus
Longbeard barb B. unitaeniatus
Bowstripe barb B. viviparus
Common carp Cyprinus carpio
Silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
Purple labeo Labeo congoro
Redeye labeo L. cylindricus
Leaden labeo L. molybdinus
Rednose labeo L. rosae    
Silver labeo L. ruddi
Moggel Labeo umbratus  
River sardine Mesobola brevianalis
Barred minnow Opsaridium peringueyi
Shortsnout chiselmouth Varicorhinus nasutus    
Killifishes (Family Cyprinodontidae)
Johnston's topminnow Aplocheilichthys johnstoni    
Striped topminnow A. katangae    
Gobies (Family Gobiidae)
Freshwater goby Awaous aeneofuscus
River goby Glossogobius callidus
Tank goby G. giuris
Checked goby Redigobius dewaali
Tarpon (Family Megalopodidae)
Oxeye tarpon Megalops cyprinoides
Upside-down Catfishes (Family Mochokidae)
Sawfin suckermouth Chiloglanis paratus
Shortspine suckermouth C. pretoriae    
Lowveld suckermouth C. swierstrae
Brown squeaker Synodontis zambesensis
Elephant Fishes (Family Mormyridae)
Bulldog Marcusenius macrolepidotus
Churchill Petrocephalus catostoma
Eurasian Perch (Family Perchidae)
Perch Perca fluviatilis  
Livebearing Toothcarps (Family Poeciliidae)
Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis  
Swordtail Xiphophorus helleri  
African Lungfishes (Family Protopteridae)
Lungfish Protopterus annectens brieni
Salmonids (Family Salmonidae)
Brown trout Salmo trutta  
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss  
Glass Catfishes (Family Schilbeidae)
Silver catfish Schilbe intermedius

Source: Mheen 1997



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